Проаналізовано переваги та недоліки, джерела сировини, технологію виробництва та застосування біодизельного палива. Надано рекомендації щодо розвитку біопаливної галузі в Україні.
Biodiesel has several advantages compared with conventional fuels, both environmental and operational. But these benefits should not be offset by the potential negative environmental impacts associated with land use or improper use of obsolete technologies.
Biodiesel is not a panacea for energy diseases. Its implementation requires solving a number of problems: biodiesel are usually made from plant material, the scope of which is limited to the needs of the food industry; use of energy efficient technologies is not enough until you can reduce high compared to conventional fuel production cost of biofuel; due to the presence of oxygen biofuel has less energy consumption than its hydrocarbon analogs, which affects the efficiency of its use and performance; application does not guarantee biofuels reduce emissions of toxic gases; any biofuel enjoys limited support from consumers (because its operational and economic characteristics need to be improved), car manufacturers (which is primarily concerned about its corrosivity), and oil refiners (see it as a opponent).
In addition, biofuels is the same finite resource, like oil, because during its production is consumed (often – irreversibly) the fertility of agricultural land. Therefore grown in our country, the raw material for the production of biofuels should be directed primarily to the needs of Ukrainian consumers, and the task of the state – contribute to this.
For sustainable biofuels industry in Ukraine need a coherent and systematic plan of action aimed at least ten years. According to the authors, it would be advisable to do the following steps to complete the following areas: fiscal and regulatory support, regional development, infrastructure development, environmental sustainability, information and education.