ВДОВЕНКО С. В.

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  • АНАЛИЗ ТЕХНОЛОГИЙ ПЕРЕРАБОТКИ НЕФТЯНЫХ ШЛАМОВ НЕФТЕПЕРЕРАБАТЫВАЮЩИХ ЗАВОДОВ

    Показана важность переработки нефтяных шламов. Определены наиболее важные исходные характери-стики и проведен анализ технологий переработки нефтяных шламов, образующихся на нефтеперерабаты-вающих заводах. Функционально-стоимостной анализ базовых технологий утилизации нефтяных шламов показал, что наивысшую интегральную оценку имеет технология термодесорбции и трехфазного центри-фугирования.

    At existing practice the oil sludge formed as a result of crude oil and oil products refining process are collected and stored in open depots in territories of the Refinery treatment facilities, therefore harming the environment. Volumes of this waste are constantly increasing therefore the issue of sludge refining and recycling has a global nature.
    The sludge processing technologies require considerable operational and capital expenses however in the condi-tions of increasing deficiency and considerable rise in price of fuel as well as because of the environment protection requirements strengthening these expenses are expedient. Herewith the priority in financing is received by the pro-jects allowing to minimize number of the sludge processing products or enabling to use them over again at a profit. Therefore all existing for today practical studies in the field of technology of sludge processing both of domestic and foreign companies are basically targeted on crude oil and oil products separation and recycling.

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