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    Рассмотрены вопросы тепло- и массопереноса на первом этапе сушки бумажного полотна, в частности тепло- и массообмен между сушильным цилиндром и бумажным полотном, окружающей средой и бумажным полотном, а также перенос теплоты и влаги в материале. Проанализирована физика процессов, получены уравнения для расчета температуры и влажности крайнего и центрального слоя бумаги при прохождении через сушильный цилиндр и на участке свободного хода.

    Drying section of a paper machine is the final stage of dehydration of the paper web and largely affects on many indicators of quality of the finished product. All drying process consists of three successive stages of passing: heating a material, portion of constant drying rate and decreasing drying rate. The analysis of the first stage of drying, heating process is presented in this work. Each part of the process which can be separated into such components: transfer of heat and moisture on the contact portion of the paper web with the drying cylinder, on a plot of a freewheeling and transferring heat and moisture inside the material. For each of them was created a mathematical model wish allows to calculate the temperature and humidity of the paper web. For accurate simulation was made a detail analyze of heat transfer from the drying cylinder to a paper web. Due to the heterogeneity of the temperature field inside the material, the heat transfer is divided into two parts, from the drying cylinder to the material surface and from the surface to the central layer. On the site of a freewheeling, most attention is given to processes of moisture transport from the center of the paper web into the environment through the material and drying the cloth.

    As the dryer section consists of a series of repeated cycles, in the work was given the generalized mathematical model that calculates the parameters of paper at the end of each cycle under certain initial parameters of the paper drying cylinder and the ambient air.

    The mathematic model, presented in this work, is the first part of the model that describes overall process of drying a paper web on a paper machine. Supplemented by models for areas of constant and falling drying rate, they allow calculating the parameters of the product at any point in its location in the dryer section. On the basis of the general model will be possible to build an optimal automatic control system. Such system will solve the actual task of reducing the cost of the paper web drying process with maintaining the specified quality parameters.


    Исследовано влияние пероксида водорода на волокнистые полуфабрикаты, полученные из соломы рапса нейтрально-сульфитным способом. Изучено влияние расхода пероксида водорода и степени делигнификации исходной целлюлозы на белизну и показатели качества белёной целлюлозы. Проанализированы химические и механические потери волокна в процессе пероксидной отбелки недеревесного сырья.

    Исследовано использование отбеленной рапсовой целлюлозы в композиции с белёной сульфитной хвойной целлюлозой для получения офсетной и писчей бумаги. Показано, что увеличение доли рапсовой целлюлозы в бумаге повышает однородность, плотность, непрозрачность, что обеспечивает хорошие печатные свойства такой бумаге. Установлено оптимальные соотношения в композиции бумаг отбеленной рапсовой и сульфитной хвойной целлюлозы без снижения показателей качества. 

    The purpose of the present study was to define the impact of hydrogen peroxide at bleaching ability of fibrous semi-products obtained from the rape straw by neutral-sulfite process and their practical application. Rape pulp bleaching was carried out in environmentally friendly way using hydrogen peroxide without any chlorine compounds. Before bleaching, the pulp was treated with chelates. The effect of hydrogen peroxide consumption rate and delignification degree of initial cellulose at brightness and quality indicators of bleached cellulose were studied. The effect of anthraquinone catalyst on bleachability of semi-products was shown. Chemical and mechanical fiber losses in the peroxide bleaching process of non-wood raw materials were analyzed. The reduction the residual lignin content in the bleached pulp was confirmed, that explained the process of partial delignification. The impact of large number of small fibers on the quality of bleaching process and pulp brightness was determined.
    The ability of bleached and non-bleached pulp to fibrillate in the grinding process and their papermaking abilities was shown.
    The application of 100 % bleached rape pulp and its combination with bleached sulfite softwood pulp for producing of offset and writing paper was investigated. Original ash content positively effected paper sizing indicator. It was shown that increased share of rape cellulose in the paper improved the uniformity, density, opacity, that provides good printing properties of such paper. The influence of rapeseed pulp on strength of offset and writing paper was investigated.  The optimal ratio of bleached rape and sulfite softwood pulp in the composite without the reduction of quality was obtained. Writing paper №2 or offset paper № 2 of B grade could be produced from 100 % rape cellulose, while at least 50 % bleached softwood pulp is required for manufacturing of A grade paper, which complies with the standard.